The Solar Calendars of most Anglo-Saxon, Celtic, and Norse Cultures (like the CE Calendar) are, nowadays, divided into four Seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. [Our Deanic Solar Calendar also contains a 5th, season, which occurs in the 28 days + 1 or 2 days, falling just before the Spring Equinox.] Some older Anglo-Saxon, Celtic & Norse Calendars were divided into only two Seasons: Summer (May 01-October 31 CE) and Winter (November 01-April 30 CE). These Two Seasons marked the Beginning and the Middle of the Solar Year. Contrary to popular Neo-Pagan beliefs, the Celtic New Year most likely occurred around May 01, Summer, (Feast of Beltain, “Bright Fire”), not around November 01, Winter (Feast of Samhain, “Summer’s End”). [See the following website caeraustralis.com.au/CNYnotsamhain.htm].
Using a Four Season Calendar, with Summer beginning on, or around, May 01 (Autumn beginning on, or around August 01) and Winter beginning on, or around November 01 (and Spring beginning on, or around February 01, also explains the Anglo-Saxon/ Celtic use of the term “Midsummer” for the Summer Solstice, on, or around, June 21, and “Midwinter” for the Winter Solstice, on, or around December 21. (Following this format, The LLC Calendar refers to the Spring Equinox, on, or around, March 21, as “Mid-Spring”, and the Autumn Equinox, on,or around, September 21, as “Mid-Autumn”).
The Western Roman (and the Eastern Persian) Calendars placed the New Year around the Spring Equinox (or Dawn-Sunrise on a Day-Year Calendar). The Deanic Calendar uses Dawn-Sunrise for the beginning of the Day, and the beginning of the Solar Year, as well. This is because our Deanic faith honors Dea Madria, the Supernal Sun, and Her Solar (Stellar) Daughter, in the form of Arora-Eos, (or Venus, the “Morning Star”) as “Herald of the Dawn” or New Day.
While the The LLC Calendar begins the New Solar Year with the Spring Equinox, we refer to the Cross Quarter Day, between the Winter Solstice and the Spring Equinox (February 01, “Feast of Brighid”) as the Beginning of the Season of Spring. We, then, refer to the Spring Equinox as “Mid Spring”. This is similar to the Chinese New Year, aka “Spring Festival” which is usually observed in late January, or early February. The Celtic, Triple Mother Goddess Brighid, “Muther Bandia Brighid”, who is honored at this Season, is a form of the three Divine Mothers, “Dea Matronae”, (Dea Matrona, Dea Madria, and Dea Matria) who are honored during the Season of Quintessence, aka the 13th Triskaideka of Oran Mor. Just as the conception or germination or stirring of a New Life Form takes place in the darkness before birth or blooming, so we place the beginning of Spring in the darkness of the last few hours before Dawn-Sunrise of the Solar Year.
Srn. Mthr. Georgia